China-Reusable Manned Spacecraft

China develops new-generation reusable manned spacecraft

  • English

Shotlist


FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
1. Various of animation of spacecraft in space
2. Engineers, rocket

Beijing, China - Recent (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
3. Various of rocket, spacecraft prototypes

Beijing, China - Jan 3, 2020 (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
4. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Yang Qing, chief designer, new manned spacecraft, China Academy of Space Technology (ending with shot 5):
"In the past, the thermal protection of Shenzhou spaceships were integrated with the metal structure inside, so the entire thermal protection structure could not be disassembled, and capsule was not usable after coming back to earth. This time the heat protection on all our cabins has been turned into pieces, which is very convenient to disassemble. It is equivalent to removing the skin of a melon and reusing the pulp inside."

FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
5. Various of engineers working
6. Various of experiment of airbag cushion landing method
7. Various of engineers, rocket
8. Various of spacecraft in space

Beijing, China - Jan 3, 2020 (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
9. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Yang Qing, chief designer, new manned spacecraft, China Academy of Space Technology (starting with shots 7-8):
"To ensure a sustainable development of the whole industry in the future, cost reduction is still a very critical factor, so being reusable is a better way for us to reduce the cost."

FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
10. Various of animation of spacecraft in space
11. Various of engineers working

Storyline


Most equipment of China's new-generation spaceships can be reusable as China has adopted a two-compartment design of service module and return module, while most valuable products are put in the return module.

In the past, China's Shenzhou manned spacecraft adopted a three-compartment design: a return module, a propulsion module and an orbital module. Both the propulsion module and the orbital module will fall into the atmosphere and burn down during their return to earth. Only the return module will land on the ground.

In addition, compared with Shenzhou spaceship, the new-generation spacecraft no longer adopts an overall integration of outer thermal protection material with the spacecraft, but uses a detachable mode, so as to facilitate replacement after each flight.

"In the past, the thermal protection of Shenzhou spaceships were integrated with the metal structure inside, so the entire thermal protection structure could not be disassembled, and capsule was not usable after coming back to earth. This time the heat protection on all our cabins has been turned into pieces, which is very convenient to disassemble. It is equivalent to removing the skin of a melon and reusing the pulp inside," said Yang Qing, chief designer of the new manned spacecraft of the China Academy of Space Technology.

Moreover, the airbag cushion landing method adopted by the new spacecraft can also better protect the spacecraft itself from damage and ensure its reuse. These technologies are integrated into the new-generation spacecraft under the overall design concept of being "reusable". Experts said that China's new generation of spacecraft will strive to be reused 10 times.

"To ensure a sustainable development of the whole industry in the future, cost reduction is still a very critical factor, so being reusable is a better way for us to reduce the cost," said Yang.

In the future space development, the reusable spacecraft is considered as an important means to lower the threshold for human beings to enter space. So recyclability and reusability have also become a focus of new-generation spacecraft design.

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  • ID : 8133362
  • Published : 2020-01-21 19:46
  • Last Modified : 2020-01-21 20:06:17
  • Location : China
  • Category : science and technology
  • Duration : 1'18
  • Audio Language : Chinese/Nats
  • Source : China Central Television (CCTV)
  • Restrictions : No access Chinese mainland
  • Version : 2

China-Reusable Manned Spacecraft

China develops new-generation reusable manned spacecraft

Dateline : File/Jan 3, 2020/Recent

Location : China

Duration : 1'18

  • English


FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
1. Various of animation of spacecraft in space
2. Engineers, rocket

Beijing, China - Recent (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
3. Various of rocket, spacecraft prototypes

Beijing, China - Jan 3, 2020 (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
4. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Yang Qing, chief designer, new manned spacecraft, China Academy of Space Technology (ending with shot 5):
"In the past, the thermal protection of Shenzhou spaceships were integrated with the metal structure inside, so the entire thermal protection structure could not be disassembled, and capsule was not usable after coming back to earth. This time the heat protection on all our cabins has been turned into pieces, which is very convenient to disassemble. It is equivalent to removing the skin of a melon and reusing the pulp inside."

FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
5. Various of engineers working
6. Various of experiment of airbag cushion landing method
7. Various of engineers, rocket
8. Various of spacecraft in space

Beijing, China - Jan 3, 2020 (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
9. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Yang Qing, chief designer, new manned spacecraft, China Academy of Space Technology (starting with shots 7-8):
"To ensure a sustainable development of the whole industry in the future, cost reduction is still a very critical factor, so being reusable is a better way for us to reduce the cost."

FILE: China - Exact Date and Location Unknown (CCTV - No access Chinese mainland)
10. Various of animation of spacecraft in space
11. Various of engineers working


Most equipment of China's new-generation spaceships can be reusable as China has adopted a two-compartment design of service module and return module, while most valuable products are put in the return module.

In the past, China's Shenzhou manned spacecraft adopted a three-compartment design: a return module, a propulsion module and an orbital module. Both the propulsion module and the orbital module will fall into the atmosphere and burn down during their return to earth. Only the return module will land on the ground.

In addition, compared with Shenzhou spaceship, the new-generation spacecraft no longer adopts an overall integration of outer thermal protection material with the spacecraft, but uses a detachable mode, so as to facilitate replacement after each flight.

"In the past, the thermal protection of Shenzhou spaceships were integrated with the metal structure inside, so the entire thermal protection structure could not be disassembled, and capsule was not usable after coming back to earth. This time the heat protection on all our cabins has been turned into pieces, which is very convenient to disassemble. It is equivalent to removing the skin of a melon and reusing the pulp inside," said Yang Qing, chief designer of the new manned spacecraft of the China Academy of Space Technology.

Moreover, the airbag cushion landing method adopted by the new spacecraft can also better protect the spacecraft itself from damage and ensure its reuse. These technologies are integrated into the new-generation spacecraft under the overall design concept of being "reusable". Experts said that China's new generation of spacecraft will strive to be reused 10 times.

"To ensure a sustainable development of the whole industry in the future, cost reduction is still a very critical factor, so being reusable is a better way for us to reduce the cost," said Yang.

In the future space development, the reusable spacecraft is considered as an important means to lower the threshold for human beings to enter space. So recyclability and reusability have also become a focus of new-generation spacecraft design.

ID : 8133362

Published : 2020-01-21 19:46

Last Modified : 2020-01-21 20:06:17

Source : China Central Television (CCTV)

Restrictions : No access Chinese mainland

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